PPF vs PPFD: Comparison and The Best Method to Measure Them


When researching lighting in agriculture, Photosynthetic Photon Flux (PPF) and Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density (PPFD) are the two concepts that are extremely important. However, there are few growers who understand deeply about PPF and PPFD metrics; and almost all growers confuse these two concepts with each other. Don’t worry! The below sections will provide you … Read more